Hearing loss is a genetically heterogenous group of phenotypes varying in severity and causes. In syndromic hearing loss, one or more organ systems are also affected in addition to the hearing impairment or deafness. Altogether, syndromic hearing loss accounts for 20% to 30% of congenital hearing loss and deafness and the combined prevalence of syndromic hearing loss is approximately 1-2:10,000. The most common syndromic causes of hearing loss include Alport syndrome, branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome, Pendred syndrome, Stickler syndrome, Usher syndrome and Waardenburg syndrome.
The analysis includes 39 genes implicated in syndromic deafness, by Next-generation sequencing (NGS) as listed below:
ACTG1, ATP6V1B1, BSND, CCDC50, CDH23, CLDN14, CLRN1, COCH, COL11A2, CRYM, DFNA5, DFNB31, DFNB59, DIAPH1, ESPN, ESRRB, EYA1, EYA4, GIPC3, GJB2, GJB3, GJB6, GPR98, GPSM2, GRHL2, GRXCR1, HGF, ILDR1, KCNE1, KCNQ1, KCNQ4, LHFPL5, LOXHD1, LRTOMT, MARVELD2, MIR96, MSRB3, MYH14, MYH9, MYO15A, MYO1A, MYO3A, MYO6, MYO7A, OTOA, OTOF, PCDH15, PDZD7, POU3F4, POU4F3, PRPS1, RDX, SERPINB6, SLC17A8, SLC26A4(PDS), SLC26A5, TECTA, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMC1, TMIE, TMPRSS3, TPRN, TRIOBP, USH1C, USH1G, USH2A, WFS1.
Sample type: Peripheral blood in EDTA
Time to result: 4 weeks