Genetic counseling

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What is Genetic Counseling?

Genetic counseling is a health service that provides information and advice to patients and their families, which are in risk of a hereditary genetic disorder. It is also useful to couples and prospective parents that seek more information on how to have healthy children.

During the genetic consultation the specialized clinical geneticist:

  1. recognizes whether a condition or a disease in a person or in a family has a genetic basis.
  2. calculates the risk for other family member to be affected from a given genetic condition.
  3. informs the consultants regarding the appropriate and available tests to that would aid in diagnosis of a possible genetic condition.
  4. proposes available treatment options, after the diagnosis of a genetic disease
  5. informs the consultants regarding prenatal or preimplantation testing options, in case one or both the parents are carriers of a genetic disease

Whom is it for?

Genetic counseling could be sought by all prospective parents; however, it is highly recommended to people or couples facing one or more of the following conditions:

  • couple with fertility problems
  • Couple with recurrent miscarriages and/or fetal death
  • Pregnancy at advanced maternal or paternal age
  • Pregnancy with ultrasound findings suggestive of a genetic disease
  • People with family history of a genetic disease, chromosomal or congenital abnormality
  • Pregnancy with exposure to radiation, chemical agents, infections or prescribed medications
  • Prospective parents interested in screening for the most common hereditary genetic diseases, like Thalassemia and Cystic fibrosis
  • People with a positive genetic test for single gene disorders, abnormal karyotype or complex genetic conditions
  • People with a family history of hereditary cancer syndrome